This discernment on epistemology and ontology. There are diverse types of epistemology and ontology such as:
1.0 On sentient or species by another sentient or species: as an example, human species have created many epistemology and ontology about and on other species.
2.0 On sentient or species about sentient or species: as an example, human species have created many epistemology and ontology about and on itself and humanity.
3.0 About and on nature or All That Exist and Ever Exist by sentient: as example, human species is creating epistemology and ontology about and on nature through such as naturalness-spiritual, scientific, and philosophical practices.
4.0 By self-organized and self-adaptive entities: as example, human species can create self-organized, self-adaptive, and self-transformed or self-realized and self-actualized AI and machines as interdependent and interconnected parts as sum of parts of the whole system to create diverse functions and features including epistemology and ontology on species and nature. These also illustrated examples of many are neither greatful nor appreciative of benefits and gains from the collective and humanity such as knowledge, wisdom, and development. Rather, also neither conscious nor aware nor recognize nor appreciative nor grateful of the greater whole that created and facilitated such potentialities of possibilities. In particularly, when the thinking, concept, and development or evidence are becoming more and more indicative of the great whole traits and structures.
5.0 Natural, living existence, and real and true epistemology and ontology which can only be through and by the greater whole: as an example, sentient epistemology and ontology as dynamic parts of sum of parts of the greater whole through nature universal process and mechanisms of being and becoming.
For examples, all things that have been created by human species such as scriptures, literatures, arts, architectures, science, humanities, spiritual, technology, robots and machines, and on and on. And including about and on the greater whole or the essence, nature, and ground of being. And nature; are all human species constructed. And therefore, epistemology and ontology 1.0-4.0 are all sentient constructed (rather than sacred, divine, greater whole) inspirations, aspiration, longings or yearnings, emancipation, social conditions, life difficulties and survival needs, and among others life and social conditions facilitating by the many nature processes and mechanisms such as elasticity. plasticity, molecular consciousness, cellular genesis, epigenetic, genetic mutation, consciousness, awareness, body-mind, and among other observable, known, non-observable, and unknown process of being and becoming transformation, evolution, and optimization in the known physical. And beyond.
A simple way of saying is just as sentient, in particularly evolved species can create (as in 1.0-3.0) and also helped facilitate (as in 4.0); life and existence, incuding sentient were created and facilitated through universal process of being and becoming (i.e. self-realization and self-actualization) in the local and non-local cosmos as parts of sum of parts of the greater whole.
Since the philosophy and science of epistemology and ontology have not been well developed and explored, causes and discrepancies and inconsistencies in philosophy and particularly sciences are widespread. And among fields and disciplines. For examples:
1.0 Based on acceptable scientific standards, conservation of energy and information such as are not lost, rather dynamically transformed and interchanged in diverse ways such as patterns and forms. However, when it comes to sentient, in particularly evolved sentient such as human being, these principles are neglected or omitted.
2.0 From 1.0, since conservation of energy and information are neglected or omitted for living things, there is no evolution beyond the known physical world.
3.0 Dark spectra-field is everywhere and in everything. However, scientific exploration are restricted or limited to non-living things.
4.0 In chemistry and biology, process and mechanism are considered parts of life and existence. However, in other scientific fields, they are not even through they are becoming more acceptable such as in bio-physics.
5.0 It is acceptable in science such as chemistry and biology that process and mechanism are parts of life and existence but in reduction way rather than as whole. A simple way of saying is in an interdependent and interconnected world, if process and mechanism are inherent function of the parts, then they must also be of the whole. And vice versa or irreducible.
6.0 Real and true epistemology and ontology are irreducible. However, human species epistemology and ontology are based on reductionism or reducible.
7.0 Quantum science is now acceptable in such as chemistry and biology. However, they are not still parts of other scientific fields such as physics (although there are new field and progresses as in bio-physics). Another way of saying is, when it comes to sentient, there much doubt and limited exploration which are in many ways contradiction to the human conditions and experience.
8.0 And among other discrepancies and inconsistencies.
Real and true epistemology is the dynamic living experience in and through nature universal process of being and becoming as part of sum of parts of the greater whole. A very simple analogy is a simulation is totally different than being in a simulation. While machines in machines matrix realms and worlds would not have real and true epistemology and ontology.
Epistemology of Life and Ontology of Existence Foundation and Institute