Brief suggestion for solution to https://phys.org/news/2019-06-hubble-tiny-galaxy-big-heart.html:
Process, and therefore, function and mechanism (as an illustration https://futurism.com/the-byte/milky-way-giant-black-hole, http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/news/2018/10/why-do-galaxies-align, http://astronomy.com/news/2017/06/galaxy-cluster-alignment) requires structure (in this case, formation of galaxy center. And related elements and entities. Of course, the galaxy center has to form first for the process of galaxy creation and transformation to be possible even through certain needed elements existed in the vicinity. And cosmic entities could also already existed nearby). However to obtain empirical data as well as to further expanding the efforts on the cosmic scale, it is essential or advantageous to solve the problems through wholeness concept and method or integration of sum of parts of the greater whole. And therefore, analyze in terms of topology, order, spin network, tensor network, flux tubes, observable and unobservable spectra-field, vortex, quantum vacuum, interdependent and interconnectedness or intertwinement and entanglement process (and mechanism), dependent and interdependent origination, and dependent and interdependent arisen.
The concept and method have the following main advantages (would not only be impossible through reductionist or fragmented concepts and methods, but also would continue to result incomplete or false solutions and empirical data) :
1.0 Since sum of parts of the whole are interdependent and interconnected, much insights and solutions during brain storming and research analysis could be achieved.
2.0 Through simulation, much insights would be gain into missing elements, parameters, and entities. And therefore, can quickly be adapted and improvised to obtain desired results.
3.0 Through simulation and emulation or applied sciences, reverse engineering would be complement the efforts.
4.0 The concept and method can be applied to other cosmic entities (such as galaxy clusters and their interconnection) as well as through interpolation, extrapolating, and correlation of existing empirical data to obtain further insights and solutions or meaningful correlations.
The concept and method seems complex. However, since as mentioned in 1.0, much insights and solutions could be achieved. This is also great opportunity to apply and advance AI and simulation (and complement) technology in ways that they could be expanded to cover cosmology exploration as a whole. And the scientific quest beyond the observable world.
Updated 08/01/2019: a recent scientific progress
Epistemology of Life and Ontology of Existence Foundation and Institute