Brief and simplify suggestion to complement the following exploration https://phys.org/news/2020-01-temperature-dark.html. And similar:
The following should be taken into consideration:
1.0 Lensing is based on Einstein's equations or gravity formulation which is a better estimation from Newton's gravity formulation. And therefore, is still an approximation as well as only is applied to the macro world.
2.0 The cosmos is composed of macro, micro, quantum, and beyond. Therefore, using only Einstein's gravity formulation is inadequate.
3.0 The implication of 1.0-2.0 is gravity is still unknown. However, gravity is basically emergence phenomena from the intertwinement and entanglement process of spectra-field in the local and non-local cosmos or fractal parts of sum of parts of the greater whole. And which is why dark matter can be inferred through gravity since ordinary and dark spectra-field are intertwined and entangled.
4.0 A larger and denser entities in general would move slower than small entities. However, that does not mean the elements within them are slow. For example, many entities such as the human body contain many atoms and quanta. However, biologic human neither travel at the speed of light nor is hot nor cold (rather warm as an insight). However, when the atoms and quanta are by themselves, they move far faster (i.e. Einstein's equations as approximation).
5.0 Many elements do not travel at the speed of light in mediums. However, light spectra-field as carrier can cause them to travel at the speed of light in mediums. For example, electrons can travel faster through the effects of light spectra-field such as laser.
6.0 Cosmic intertwinement and entanglement effects have not been taken into consideration.
7.0 Lensing method, as presently known or based on static approximation, would not be able to accurately taking into consideration the dynamic and evolution of the cosmos. And which are reasons for the diverse modified gravity and quantum gravity hypotheses.
8.0 Dark spectra-field (i.e. dark matter and dark energy) is not being taken into consideration.
9.0 The Unified Matrix Field (i.e. basically ordinary material and dark immaterial spectra-field).
and among others.
10.0 Life and existence are process based (i.e. sum of fractal processes of the greater whole process) rather than equations and formulas.
In brief summary, it is reasonable to state that analyzing unknow realms and worlds with unknown formularization or methods (gravity is still unknown) could easily yield unknown or false results or empirical data. Furthermore, as mentioned, many possibilities are left out. And therefore, the results would be even far more unreliable. And much have to do with simplistic perception and experience of life and existence. And as such, the suggestion is to better formularize concepts and methods based on the essence, nature, and ground of being. And essence, nature, and ground of nature.
Updated on 01/23/2020
Epistemology of Life and Ontology of Existence Foundation and Institute